C. III.

THIRD CORE PRINCIPLE

THE PRINCIPLE OF
PROPERTY & OWNERSHIP

1. A Noble Nation recognizes Property as of two kinds, namely:

i. Dharma-God-Nature Given Gifts 
That which cannot be created by man and being a limited non renewable resource must be justly shared in a just and beneficial manner for all the peoples of the Nation. Namely these gifts include the Land and waterways, the Sea, the Air and all the natural resources therein; The Electromagnetic spectrum; as well as any dharma-god-nature made resources anywhere on earth and in space where the Nation holds rightful dominion or jurisdiction.

ii. Man-made Property 
All man-made produce, both material and immaterial, which can be produced without limit as long as the human endeavor and raw material inputs (both material and immaterial) are available.

2. The Nation is the custodian and protector of Dharma-God-Nature Given Gifts and must justly allocate these resources on leasehold and freehold basis to Owners. In doing so: 

i. The Nation has a duty to ensure that every Individual within the dominion of the Nation has equitable access to these Gifts to fulfill the normal and natural personal needs of the Individual, without charge.
ii. The Nation may impose charges for allocating these resources in larger quantities and in unnatural or unsustainable ways.
iii. The Nation must allocate these resources for the maximum benefit of the entire Nation in accordance with the principle of Science.

3. Man-made Property, being the product of human endeavor, is totally subject to the owner’s discretion. The Nation may not impose restrictions, taxes or charges on owners for the ownership or trade of man made property except under the sixth root law.

Further,

4. The Individual is the sole owner and custodian of his own life. The Individual is the Owner of all those Man-made Produce which has been lawfully acquired and the Custodian of God Given Gifts that have been granted to that Person on leasehold or freehold basis in accordance with law.

5. Owners other than Individuals (e.g. Associations), must have Effective Owners. In this way all Ownership can be traced to Sovereign Individuals.

Commentary

  1. Imposing involuntary restrictions, taxes or charges on man made property, except in accordance with the Sixth Root Law, would be an infringement of the Dharma-God-Nature given sovereignty and also a violation of the Second Root Law of taking what is not given.
  2. A Noble Nation recognizes an Individual’s Time and Data as his own private property. Both of these special (non-material) types of property are classified as Man-made Property.
  3. An Individual’s time is the most valuable resource – in fact time is life itself. In prior legal systems, the time of individuals is not given due regard. This leads to a multitude of injustices, inefficiencies, flaws and opportunities for corruption. Recognizing and considering time as property is essential for overcoming many evils present in society today.
  4. Amounts that are normal and natural to be determined by the Nation must as a minimum be no less than one sixteenth and no greater than one fourth of the totality of that god given gift in the Nation, divided by the total Citizen population of the Nation in the preceding year.

  5. The one sixteenth is derived by: first reserving half of the whole to nature and the wild life that we share this earth with; then of the remainder, half reserved for posterity; then of the remainder, half reserved for common pleasure and good of all citizens; and finally, the remaining one eight is available to be equitably and beneficially shared among the citizens of the Nation. This one eight is further divided by half to give the absolute minimum made available for distribution. The Nation may set a higher value at its discretion.

  6. Charges for excess and unsustainable use of resources to be determined by the Nation. This is one of the main revenue sources for the Nation, in the absence of involuntary taxes.

  7. An initial reference set of RegulatoryProperties for the normal and natural amounts and the charges for excess usage for some of the most fundamental God Given Gifts is presented in chart xxx in Appendix X. The Nation may add, delete or modify this list of RegulatoryProperties at its discretion.

6. An individual’s time is his own private property. The use of this time is at the complete discretion of the owner.

7. Data generated by an individual is his own private property. The rights to access, copy, derive and distribute this data and the transfer of rights to the data is at the discretion of the owner. 

8. Knowledge is NOT property. Knowledge is in the mind of he who understands – It is Dharma, Nature or it is God given and it cannot be taken from him. A specific recording of knowledge is data and is property.

9. Information is NOT property. Information is the propagation of data and is also the link between data and knowledge. A specific recording of information is data and is property. 

10. Knowledge’s glory is in its sharing. The teaching and spreading of beneficial knowledge is an immemorial noble tradition. Noble beings intrinsically share their beneficial knowledge and encourage its propagation and interaction, to bring about benefit to all.

11. The Nation must set in place frameworks to recognize, honor and provide material support to those who share beneficial Knowledge.

Commentary

  1. A Noble Nation recognizes an Individual’s Time and Data as his own private property. Both of these special (non-material) types of property are classified as Man-made Property.
  2. An Individual’s time is the most valuable resource – in fact time is life itself. In prior legal systems, the time of individuals is not given due regard. This leads to a multitude of injustices, inefficiencies, flaws and opportunities for corruption. Recognizing and considering time as property is essential for overcoming many evils present in society today.
  3. It is important to understand the distinctions between knowledge, information and data as defined in this constitution. Information is defined as the perception of the four fundamental forces of physics – i.e. photons, gluons,  bosons and gravitons. Information is transient and intrinsic to the fabric of space time that no one may claim ownership over it. However, the Data contained therein may be owned.
  4. Further, to leave no doubts, systems created for the interaction of information (i.e Information Systems) are man-made property and is distinct from the information therein. Intrusion into these or the copying of data therein may be a violation of the second and third root laws. Whereas the reception of information flowing in a legitimately accessible medium is blameless though the recording of the data therein may be unlawful.
  5. The Nation encourages the dissemination and sharing of knowledge and information. Wise beings do not withhold beneficial knowledge – Buddha, Jesus, sages, great philosophers, scientists and mathematicians etc… did not limit rights to their teachings. A culture of prolific sharing and nurturing of knowledge is essential in a Noble Nation.
  6. The legacy system of patents & copyrights, though meant to promote innovation, does more to stifle innovation and embolden and enrich large corporations at the expense of the truly innovative entrepreneurs, inventors and the general population. The advent of the internet, where patents had little sway, showed the true way of sharing knowledge to promote human welfare and progress. This principle sets the stage for the Innovation Framework and the Creatives Framework described in the Noble Economy that enables simple, efficient, dynamic sharing of knowledge and creativity whilst  justly honoring and rewarding the innovators and creators.